ATLAS: Linear group L_{2}(11)
Order = 660 = 2^{2}.3.5.11.
Mult = 2.
Out = 2.
The following information is available for L_{2}(11):
Standard generators of L_{2}(11) are a and b where
a has order 2, b has order 3 and ab has order 11.
Standard generators of the double cover 2.L_{2}(11) =
SL_{2}(11) are preimages A and B
where B has order 3 and AB has order 11.
Standard generators of L_{2}(11):2 = PGL_{2}(11) are
c and d where
c is in class 2B, d has order 3, cd has order 10 and cdcdd has order 11. These conditions imply that cd is in class 10A.
Standard generators of either double cover 2.L_{2}(11).2 = 2.PGL_{2}(11) are preimages C and D where
D has order 3.
Presentations for L_{2}(11) and L_{2}(11):2 = PGL_{2}(11) in terms of their standard generators are given below.
< a, b  a^{2} = b^{3} = (ab)^{11} = [a, babab]^{2} = 1 >.
< c, d  c^{2} = d^{3} = (cd)^{10} = (cdcdcd^{1})^{4} = [c, dcdcd^{1}cd^{1}cd^{1}cdcd] = 1 >.
The representations L_{2}(11) available are:
 All primitive permutation representations.

Permutations on 11 points:
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Permutations on 11b points:
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Permutations on 12 points:
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Permutations on 55 points:
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 2.

Dimension 5 over GF(4):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 5 over GF(4):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(2):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 12 over GF(4):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 12 over GF(4):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(2):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).
 reducible over GF(4).

Dimension 24 over GF(2):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).
 reducible over GF(4).
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 3.

Dimension 5 over GF(3):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 5 over GF(3):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(3):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 12 over GF(9):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 12 over GF(9):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 24 over GF(3):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).
 reducible over GF(9).
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 5.

Dimension 5 over GF(5):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 5 over GF(5):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(5):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(5):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(5):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 11.

Dimension 3 over GF(11):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 5 over GF(11):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 7 over GF(11):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 9 over GF(11):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).

Dimension 11 over GF(11):
a and
b (Meataxe),
a and
b (Meataxe binary),
a and
b (GAP).
 Some faithful irreducibles in characteristic 0 and over Z.
 a and b as
5 × 5 matrices over Z[b11].
 a and b as
5 × 5 matrices over Z[b11]  the dual of the above.
 a and b as
10 × 10 matrices over Z.
 a and b as
10 × 10 matrices over Z.
 a and b as
11 × 11 matrices over Z.
The representations of 2.L_{2}(11) = SL_{2}(11) available are:
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 11.

Dimension 2 over GF(11):
A and
B (Meataxe),
A and
B (Meataxe binary),
A and
B (GAP).

Dimension 4 over GF(11):
A and
B (Meataxe),
A and
B (Meataxe binary),
A and
B (GAP).

Dimension 6 over GF(11):
A and
B (Meataxe),
A and
B (Meataxe binary),
A and
B (GAP).

Dimension 8 over GF(11):
A and
B (Meataxe),
A and
B (Meataxe binary),
A and
B (GAP).

Dimension 10 over GF(11):
A and
B (Meataxe),
A and
B (Meataxe binary),
A and
B (GAP).
The representations of L_{2}(11):2 = PGL_{2}(11) available are:
 Faithful permutation representations, including all primitive ones.

Permutations on 12 points:
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).

Permutations on 22 points:
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 imprimitive.

Permutations on 55 points:
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 on the cosets of S4.

Permutations on 55 points:
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 on the cosets of D24.

Permutations on 66 points:
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 2 and over GF(2) (in ABC order).

Dimension 10 over GF(2):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 restriction to L2(11) reducible over GF(4).

Dimension 10 over GF(2):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 restriction to L2(11) absolutely irreducible.

Dimension 12 over GF(4):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).

Dimension 12 over GF(4):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
 c and
d as
24 × 24 matrices over GF(2)  reducible over GF(4).
 All faithful irreducibles in characteristic 11 (with character in ABC) up to tensoring with linear irredicibles.

Dimension 3 over GF(11):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).

Dimension 5 over GF(11):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).

Dimension 7 over GF(11):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).

Dimension 9 over GF(11):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).

Dimension 11 over GF(11):
c and
d (Meataxe),
c and
d (Meataxe binary),
c and
d (GAP).
The maximal subgroups of L_{2}(11) are as follows.
The maximal subgroups of L_{2}(11):2 = PGL_{2}(11) are as follows.
 L_{2}(11), with standard generators (cdcdcdd)^2, d.
 F_{110} = 11:10, with generators c, dcdcdcdcddcdd.
 S_{4}, with generators c, ddcdcd.
 D_{24}, with generators c, (cdcddcd)^2.
 D_{20}, with generators c, (dcdcdcd)^2.
A set of generators for the maximal cyclic subgroups of L2(11) can be obtained
by running this program on the standard
generators. All conjugacy classes can therefore be obtained as suitable
powers of these elements.
The 8 conjugacy classes of L_{2}(11) are as follows.
 1A: identity.
 2A: a.
 3A: b.
 5A: abababb.
 5B: ababb or [a, b].
 6A: ababababb or [a, bab].
 11A: ab.
 11B: abb.
A set of generators for the maximal cyclic subgroups of L2(11):2 can be obtained
by running this program on the standard
generators. All conjugacy classes can therefore be obtained as suitable
powers of these elements.
The 13 conjugacy classes of L_{2}(11):2 = PGL_{2}(11) are as follows.
 1A: identity.
 2A: (cdcdcd^{1})^{2}.
 3A: d.
 5A: (cd)^{4}.
 5B: (cd)^{2}.
 6A: cdcdcdcd^{1} or [c, dcd].
 11AB: [c, d].
 2A: c.
 4A: cdcdcd^{1}.
 10A: cd.
 10B: (cd)^{3}.
 12A: cdcdcd^{1}cdcd^{1}.
 12B: cdcdcdcd^{1}cd^{1}.
Go to main ATLAS (version 2.0) page.
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Anonymous ftp access is also available.
See here for details.
Version 2.0 file created on 21st January 2002,
from Version 1 file last updated on 29.03.99.
Last updated 25.01.02 by RAW.
Information checked to
Level 0 on 21.01.02 by RAW.
R.A.Wilson, R.A.Parker and J.N.Bray.